This positively reeks of a school test question, designed to stultify any aspirations one might have had toward actually enjoying classical music. If you are a student, please don't let it ruin you.
My answer would depend on what time period is being discussed. Since Beethoven was mentioned, I'll assume it's the classical period.
1. Fast movent in sonata allegro form
2. A slow movement
3. a dance movement (minuet - trio - minuet)
4. Another fast movement, often a rondo or theme and variations.
In detail? Forget it. Wikipedia is your firend. You might want to break down what sonata allegro form is.
As for how the Fifth Symphony differs -- I'm not sure what is being requested here. The third movement is a scherzo rather than a dance movement, but it begins with an almost march-like feel. The third movement also fades immediately into the fourth movement with no breaks between, which I think may have been unusual. Also the main motif (dot dot dot daah) is threaded throughout all four movements, sometimes hiding but it's always there. This may have been unprecedented.
I'm no music scholar so you have to take my words with a grain of salt. This question taken out of context confirms my suspicions that test scores are based more on the students' ability to read the teacher's mind than on any actual understanding of the subject.
a typical four movements sonate is
1. Allegro ( 100% for all of the sonates of classical period ): in principal tonal
2. A slow movement: form " lied "( for all of the slow movements) : in relative tonal which has 2 themes A and B. There is the plan: A B A' ( the tonal between A and B is relative )
3. A menuet : It's form menuet - trio - da capo ( Da capo means the menuet comes back but no reprise ). This form become Scherzo with Beethoven.
4. A form sonate or rondo- sonate or variations etc
Those are the 4 movements in a sonate ( or in a symphony : a big sonate for l'orchestra)
I think the symphony of Beethoven which has 5 movements is the sixth