I thought I'd start a thread in which TC members can analyze particular pieces (kind of like a "book club", but for music). These discussions would be grounded in the written score, and can be anything from academic analyses to specific parts that are particularly moving. To get it started, I'm going to share some of my comments on the first movement of Haydn's 104th symphony. The score can be found HERE.
1. I like the surprises in the slow introduction. The C-natural in bar five, a surprise after the C-sharps in the preceding two bars, takes the music to the relative major. The interval of the fifth in bar 15, which contrasts with the fourths in bars 2 and 8, pushes the music to the A7 that leads to the Allegro.
2. The seemingly insignificant F-naturals in bars 105 and 107 make the modality (major/minor) of the exposition coda ambiguous; later (bars 152-5), the same motif brings the music through a series of quick harmonic changes (which make sense, as it alters the modality in its first appearance) and sets up the tutti major/minor contrast in bars 156-9.
3. The theme (first heard in bars 18-25) starts on the third of the scale and falls to the tonic. This "breath" lessens the tension created by the dominant chord that precedes it (especially because the second and third notes of the theme can be read as part of a V7 chord). The lessening of harmonic tensions puts weight on the dynamic contrast of the fanfares that start in bar 33.
Does anyone else have observations, comments, or questions on this movement?