If you were to ask a person passing by in New York City to name an orchestral instrument, most would name a violin. A few would name the cello, and fewer still would name the viola and the double bass. However, I would garuntee that virtually no one would say tuba, or trumpet, or oboe, or indeed, any non-string instrument. And though they play an important role, I'm sure that you will agree that the primary instruments of the orchestra (at least to the public eye), are the four stringed instruments.
My question is: What is role of wind instruments in the orchestra?
Should they be an equal section to the strings? Should the trumpets have the melody as often as the violins, should the trombones equal the cellos, and the tuba match the double bass?
Are they more for effects, like the percussion? Do they exist to flavor the melody, to increase the decibal level of ff, to imitate horn calls and battle?
Or are they mainly for various misc. purposes, such as chord padding and small counter-melodies?
Or, should the orchestra have stayed with the strings and percussion, instead of trying to deal with the limitations of the wind instruments?