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I'd suggest using the following 9 categories:

1. Concerti--violin, harpsichord, piano, flute, cello, oboe, harp, viola, organ, mixed instruments, etc.
2. Orchestral--symphonies (including chamber & choral symphonies)/preludes & overtures/tone poems/ballets/serenades/orchestral song cycles (though you might place orchestral song cycles in category 9 below).
3. Solo Works 1--for keyboard: the piano, harpsichord, organ, & clavichord. Which needs its own category, considering that the solo keyboard repertory is so vast (& especially so with J.S. Bach).
4. Solo Works 2--works for solo violin, cello, flute, lute, guitar, harp, etc.
5. Choral 1--oratorios/masses (including requiem masses)
6. Choral 2--cantatas (sacred & profane), motets, magnificats, stabat maters, misereres, madrigali, psalm settings, vespers, etc.
7. Chamber Music--string quartets, violin sonatas, cello/viola da gamba sonatas, viola sonatas, string trios, piano trios, piano quartets, piano quintets, wind quintets, sextets, string quintets, octets, mixed instruments, etc.
8. Opera/Operetta
9. Lieder, Chansons, Melodies (including chamber songs for voice & instruments)

Is there a musical genre that isn't covered in these 9 categories?

With J.S. Bach, my only question would be where to put The Art of the Fugue, & The Musical Offering? I see them as essentially chamber works, but of course The Art of the Fugue gets played as a solo work, too, such as on the organ, piano, harpsichord. So, it belongs in at least two categories, if not three, as possibly a 'chamber' orchestral work, as well.
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